There are several ways that
are often recommended to help children from within this age group to learn to
code. The choice of learning tool is dependent on the child’s ability to
comprehend and absorb new information. The best programming languages
for kids from 10 to 15 years programming are Scratch
and Python, respectively.
Scratch is a block-based visual programming language and online community targeted primarily at children. It uses a drag-and-drop system for small blocks of code, making syntactical errors literally impossible. This is very useful for kids who have not yet developed typing skills, and the software does not require full literacy skills in order to use. While Scratch is directed at children, it can be a useful learning tool across all age groups, even adults.
Python is one of the most
popular and widely-used programming languages out there. Its syntax is verbose
and it promotes a style of logic that is easily read even by non-coders. This
is a ‘real world’ programming language that is currently used across many
professional organizations and has a large community to support those learning.
Many online web applications have been developed to help adolescents learn the
fundamentals of Python, most notably Codecombat and CodeAvengers.
For those who are looking to advance their knowledge of Python, many
interactive tutorials are available online from reputable sites such as khanacademy.org
Aside from the dedicated code learning tools mentioned above, there are also many games directed at children primarily aiming to develop computational thinking – games like Kodable, Move the Turtle and Lightbot feel as natural as any other game but are designed to teach the fundamentals of programming.